March 24, 2023

Spanish version:

Does your head hurt or do you have a fever if so you could take aspirin with good results but this couldn’t be a good idea if you have a history of allergy to salicylates if you are taking anticoagulants if you are pregnant if you suffer from gastritis or if you are under 16 years of age you see acetylsalicylic acid also known as aspirin the name of a commercial

Branch that came into common use is a non-steroidal anti-inflammatory that belongs to the family of salicylates and it’s one of the most widely used drugs in the world with a consumption greater than 100 billion tablets per year for more than 3000 years the egyptians sumerians and chinese have used acetyl salicylic acid for medicinal purposes in the form of white

Willow bark from which it’s extracted however it first formal mentioned is found in texts of hypocrites the father of greek medicine the synthesis of acetyl salicylic acid is attributed to frederick gerhart in france in 1853 and felix hoffmann in germany in 1894 it’s currently used for pain inflammation and fever and also in the prevention of heart attacks aspirin

Is used to relieve pain and inflammation in conditions such as headache back and neck pain common cold menstrual cramps migraine osteoarthritis rheumatoid arthritis sprains dental pain and muscle pain mainly it’s also effective for the treatment of fever but it shouldn’t be used in patients under 16 years of age with viral or bacterial infections due to the risk

Of rice syndrome are rare but serious liver and brain complication associated with the use of aspirin or other salicylates in children and adolescents with such infections due to its antiplatelet properties that is anticoagulants aspirin is used other medical supervision to prevent a first non-fatal heart attack in people with risk factors such as smoking high

Blood pressure high cholesterol and inactive lifestyle and obesity prevent a second heart attack or stroke reduce the risk of a transient ischemic attack and reduce the clotting properties of platelets in patients who have undergone certain surgeries however in people who are not at risk for heart disease or stroke aspirin offers little benefit as preventative

Drug on the other hand aspirin is thought to lower the overall risk of cancer particularly colorectal cancer but it’s thought to take 10 to 20 years to assess this benefit making it impractical for this purpose additionally aspirin in combination with other drugs is also used for fever and joint pain symptoms in acute rheumatic fever but after the fever and pain

Have subsided the drug is no longer needed as it doesn’t reduce the incidence of cardiac complications or residual rheumatic heart disease other than rheumatic fever kawasaki disease remains one of the few indications for aspirin use in children despite a lack of strong evidence of its effectiveness the recommended doses of acetyl salicylic acid variety according

To the disease and the patient so the trading doctor will be the one who establishes its use and the corresponding doses self-medication is not recommended acetyl salicylic acid shouldn’t be taken in cases of allergy to salicylates active peptic ulcer severe renal or hepatic insufficiency severe congestive heart failure asthma or bronchospasm precipitated by

Non-steroidal anti-inflammatory drugs dengue due to increased bleeding tendency children or adolescents to control cold or fruit symptoms hyperuricemia or gout and pregnancy since there’s been an increased risk of miscarriages and certain congenital malformations in addition to the fact that it can cause premature closure of the fetal ductus arteriosus the main

Adverse secondary reactions that could occur with the consumption of acetyl salicylic acid include pain in the feet of the stomach due to gastric irritation nausea ringing in the ears vertigo decreased hearing reduction in the number of platelets and kidney damage in addition this drug increases the risk of gastrointestinal bleeding in sensitive individuals and

Entire coated formulations don’t appear to reduce this risk now let’s talk about acetaminophen this like aspirin is an over-the-counter drug that is it can be purchased without a prescription acetaminophen is also one of the best selling products in the world for the relief of fever and pain as well as being very cheap it has only a minimal risk of undesirable

Side effects acetaminophen is indicated for the control of mild or moderate pain caused by headache peaking in the ears joint disorders dental discomfort arthritis neuralgia and minor surgical procedures mainly now the combination of acetaminophen with caffeine is superior to acetaminophen alone for treating common pain conditions caffeine also increases the

Analgesic effect of aspirin likewise acetaminophen is effective for the treatment of fever such as that caused by viral and bacterial infections after the applications of vaccines etc however acetaminophen has minimal anti-inflammatory effect compared to aspirin making it less effective than aspirin in reducing pain associated with inflammation and bodily

Injury acetaminophen is a first-line drug for pain and fever during pregnancy and is placed in risk category b by the food and drug administration likewise its use is reasonably safe in nursing mothers since it’s excreted in breast milk in very small quantities in some publications it’s mentioned that the consumption of acetaminophen during pregnancy increases

The probability that the children will develop asthma or neurological problems such as difficulty in expression and hyperactivity however such studies indicate that the chances of any of these effects occurring in children are 30 percent and that’s when acetaminophen is taken for more than four continuous weeks during the second and third trimesters of pregnancy

In contrast other investigations indicate that the reference studies are not conclusive since the aforementioned alterations could do to previous maternal diseases and not to acetaminophen therefore if the person is not allergic to acetaminophen it can be taken during pregnancy and lactation without any problem for short periods in such conditions the ideal is

Not to take it for more than five days in a row acetaminophen is also known as paracetamol and is available on the market under many trade names for example tempra tylenol etc in adults and children over 12 years of age the usual dose is 325 to 650 milligrams every four to six hours and in no case should more than four grams be taken in 24 hours in children

Up to 12 years of age the recommended dose is 10 to 15 milligrams per kilogram of body weight every four to six hours not to exceed 50 to 75 milligrams per kilogram in 24 hours acetaminophen doses shouldn’t be given in excess of what’s indicated since high levels can cause potentially lethal liver failure because acetaminophen is metabolized in the liver daily

Doses 50 lower than those indicated above are recommended in patients who may be at risk of hepatotoxicity such as those who consume alcoholic beverages or who are malnourished acetaminophen shouldn’t be taken in case of allergy to it or impressive of severe liver failure on the other hand its side effects are very rare and include hepatotoxicity hypoglycemia

And allergic dermatitis the conclusions are the following both acetaminophen and aspirin act effectively against pain and fever as an amino acid brain is not an antiplatelet agent and doesn’t increase the risk of congenital malformations or contribute to premature closure of the fetal ductus arteriosus making it a good drug for people with coagulation problems

Who have bleeding or who use anticoagulants as well as for pregnant or lactating women acetaminophen can be indicated in all age groups instead aspirin shouldn’t be used in patients younger than 16 years with viral or bacterial infections compared with aspirin whose side effects can include diarrhea vomiting and abdominal pain acetaminophen in adequate doses has

Fewer adverse gastrointestinal effects and doesn’t affect the kidneys however acetaminophen has minimal anti-inflammatory effect compared to aspirin making it less effective than aspirin in reducing pain associated with inflammation and bodily injury also aspirin is more effective than acetaminophen in controlling severe pain for example toothache we conclude

By saying that the combination of acetyl salicylic acid with acetaminophen is more effective than either of the two separately and there are even commercial presentations in which caffeine is also added to increase the analgesic effect in any case the recommendation is that it’s the trading physician who prescribes the best medication based on the particular

Characteristics of the patient i hope this information is useful for you to watch the spanish version of this video go to the description box and find a link see you in the next video you

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