May 29, 2023

Teaching Plan Allopurinol for Patients with Gout

Aloperanol for the prevention of gout symptoms presented by amy putnam gow is a common and complex form of inflammatory arthritis characterized by the deposit of uric acid crystals in joints and other tissues most patients with gou are asymptomatic between acute attacks when an attack of kyoto arthritis develops it is usually sudden and severe symptoms of an acute

Gout attack include pain swelling redness and tenderness non-steroidal anti-inflammatory medications prednisone and other prescribed drugs are often administered allopyranol may be prescribed as a maintenance therapy after acute attacks to suppress uric acid formation control uric acid levels and to aid in the prevention of future attacks gout symptoms often come

And go but there are ways to manage these symptoms and prevent future flare-ups people with gout can develop conditions that are more severe such as recurrent gout advanced scout and kidney stones recurrent gout is gout that occurs several times a year medications such as aloperinol can help to prevent recurrent gout attacks if left untreated gout can erode and

Seriously damage many joints advanced gal is gout that is left untreated deposits of urate crystals form under the skin of the fingers hands feet and elbows these areas become painful and swollen advanced and recurrent gout can cause urate crystals to collect in the urinary tract which can lead to the development of kidney stones it’s important for the patient to

Take prescribed medications such as allopyranol and follow dietary guidelines to prevent gout attacks from occurring nursing interventions for patients taking aloperinol may include monitoring for joint pain and swelling monitoring intake and output assessing the patient for hypersensitivity reactions and monitoring laboratory values to treat and prevent joint

Pain nsaids should be considered especially during an acute gout attack because allopurinol is excreted in the urine any decrease in kidney function could cause an accumulation of the drug to reach toxic levels ensuring the patient maintains an adequate fluid intake of at least 2500 ml per day can help to minimize the risk of kidney stone formation allopyranol

Is a drug that is prescribed to patients that have been diagnosed with gout and is used to lower uric acid levels in the blood elevated uric acid levels can cause crystals to develop in joints and other tissues causing pain for the patient most patients with gout are asymptomatic between attacks allopyranol can decrease the risk of experiencing a painful gout

Attack before taking aloperinol it is important to tell your doctor about all drugs including any prescription or over-the-counter medications as well as herbs supplements and vitamins that you are taking when taking aloperinol you should have your blood work checked regularly kidney and liver values may increase while on this medication signs of kidney problems

Include inability to pass urine a change in urine volume blood in the urine or unplanned weight gain signs of liver problems include feeling tired no appetite nausea and vomiting stomach pain light colored stools and yellowing of the eyes or skin tell your doctor if you are pregnant or plan to become pregnant or are breastfeeding seek medical attention if you

Have signs of an allergic reaction such as a rash hives itching red swollen blistered or peeling skin with or without a fever wheezing tightness in the chest or throat trouble breathing swallowing or talking unusual hoarseness or swelling of the mouth face lips tongue or throat during symptom-free periods following these dietary guidelines may help protect you

From a future gout attack stay well hydrated by drinking plenty of fluids and limit the number of sweetened beverages eat low purine foods such as fruits and vegetables including citrus cherries green vegetables and peppers nuts and seeds such as walnuts cashews almonds and flax seeds herbs and spices including turmeric cinnamon nutmeg and chamomile as well as

Whole grains and low-fat dairy avoid or limit the intake of alcohol maintain a desirable weight and take all medications as prescribed gow is a systemic disease in which uric acid crystals build up in the joints causing pain and inflammation it is the most common form of acute inflammatory arthritis seen in older adult patients and is one of the easiest diseases

For healthcare providers to diagnose and treat in the early phases if the patient adheres to drug therapy and dietary recommendations they should rarely experience symptoms of the disease allopyranol may be prescribed as maintenance therapy after acute attacks to suppress uric acid formation control uric acid levels and to aid in the prevention of future attacks

Drug therapy including the use of allopyranol to suppress acute attacks is key to managing patients diagnosed with gout

Transcribed from video
Teaching Plan Allopurinol By Amy Putnam